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Nina Juul, Meibom, P., Optimal configuration of an integrated power and transport system, Energy, Volume 35, Issue 5, May 2011, Pages 3523-3530. 

Abstract

Integrating the power and transport system, in the future energy system planning, influences the economically optimal investments and optimal operation of the power system as well as the transport system. For analysing the integrated power and transport system a new model capable of calculating optimal investments in both power plants and vehicle technologies is presented in this article. The model includes the interactions between the power system and the transport system including the competition between flexibility measures such as hydrogen storage in combination with electrolysis, heat storage in combination with heat pumps and heat boilers, and plug-in electric vehicles.